Coriander Article - Allrecipes.com
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Coriander

Description

Coriander is the dried, ripe fruit of the herb Coriandum sativum. The tannish-brown seeds have a sweetly aromatic flavor which is slightly lemony. A zesty combination of sage and citrus, coriander is actually thought to increase the appetite.

Uses

Coriander is used in lentils, beans, onions, potatoes, hotdogs, chili, sausages, stews and pastries. It is used in North American, Mediterranean, North African, Mexican, Indian and Southeast Asian cuisines, as well as in spice blends including curry powders, chili powders, garam masala, and berbere.




Origins

Most coriander is produced in Morocco, Romania and Egypt, but China and India also offer limited supplies. Moroccan coriander has the boldest appearance, followed by the Egyptian and Indian varieties. Romanian and Chinese coriander are typically darker in appearance than other types.

Folklore

Coriander's history can be traced back for thousands of years. It was grown in Persia 3,000 years ago and used to fragrance the hanging gardens of Babylon. There is mention of coriander in the Bible where manna is described as being "like a coriander seed, white" (Exodus 16:31). As civilization spread, so did the popularity and uses of coriander. It has been used as a condiment and as an ingredient in medicines. It is still widely used in tonics and cough medicines in India. The leaves of the plant, cilantro, are also a popular flavoring in many Indian, Latin American, and Southeast Asian dishes.


    Color

    Uniform, light brown

    Flavor & Aroma

    Mildly sweet and spicy

    Sensory Profile

    Coriander has a distinctively citrusy and musty aroma. Its flavor is described as being minty, sweet and citrus-like.

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